Gums are on the front lines, the basis for healthy teeth. So just like any other body part, your gums are also susceptible to getting infected at times. In case you suffer from even a minor gum infection, getting proper medical attention promptly, is very important so that the condition doesn’t worsen. A gum infection left ignored or untreated, could lead to a more severe condition, known as Periodontitis.
What causes gum infection?
Gum infections could either be due to plaque or because of other factors like certain bacteria, viruses, wounds, illnesses, or even genes. Some of the causes of specific gum infections are as follows:
- A type of gum disease or infection, known as gingivitis, could be caused once the gum tissue is destroyed because of the bacterial plaque that accumulates around and in between the teeth.
- Plaque and hardened plaque, called tartar or calculus, can cause irritation to gums, leading to inflammation of gums.
- Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause, could lead to sensitivity in gums, increasing the risk of gum infections.
- Certain diseases like HIV, cancer, diabetes have often been thought to contribute to gingivitis
- Genetics could make you predisposed to gum infections and bad breath
- Smoking could contribute to gingivitis
- Untreated gingivitis could turn into periodontitis.
How to identify gum infection?
There are a few tell-tale signs that could help you determine whether you have a gum infection and if you should be seeing a specialist or not.
- Chronic bad breath
- Swollen gums
- Gums that are bleeding especially when brushing or flossing
- Receding gums
- Soft, tender gums
Treatment for gum infections
Depending on the severity of your gum infection, a treatment plan will be drawn out by our experts at PHI Clinic. We offer treatment plans that are holistic in nature; so they would not just be cosmetic or surgical but also would include medications, lifestyle, and dietary changes if necessary. Some of the treatments that are done for gum infections are as follows:
- An antibiotic course treatment could help subside the infection
- Root planing and scaling treatment to help deep clean your teeth and gums
- Gingivectomy in which damaged or infected gum tissue would be removed
- Flap surgery is an option for a very severe case of gum infection wherein tissue or bone grafts would need to be done in order to deal with the gum infection.