Signs of ageing might look different in different people; from wrinkles to age spots or even scarring in some cases. But when dark spots start appearing on your skin, it can point to more causes beyond just age. Most commonly, dark spots appear on the face, back of hands, back and shoulders. Dark spots or hyperpigmentation can be caused by acne scars, excessive sun exposure, or even hormonal changes and a number of treatment options are available to deal with these dark spots, depending on the causes and extent of the damage.
What causes dark spots to appear?
Dark spots are not always age-related and there are a number of other things that can cause dark spots to appear on the skin. These dark spots are not painful and are the same texture as the skin however, the intensity of the darkness of the dark spot might vary from person to person, depending on their skin colour.
- Sun exposure can cause a lot of damage to the skin and if left unprotected for long periods of time, it can cause sunspots or liver spots to appear.
- Skin discolouration can also be caused by certain hormonal changes. Hormones—both oestrogen and progesterone—can increase the level of melanin especially during pregnancy, when hormones could trigger Melasma, a skin condition in which patches of skin turn darker.
- Some medicines could also cause dark spots to appear as a side effect.
- After some injuries and wounds heal, they leave a mark, a dark spot. Such dark spots might fade over time.
- Certain illnesses and diseases can cause dark spots to appear for example in diabetics, or after suffering from a bout of inflammation, dark spots might start appearing on your skin.
Dark spots treatment
Certain creams and procedures can help lighten dark spots or even remove them completely. What treatment option would work for you, may depend on the cause, the size of the dark spot, and the area of the body where the dark spots have appeared.
We, at PHI Clinic, offer a number of procedures apart from dietary and lifestyle plans. Some of the procedures with us are:
- Microdermabrasion treatment helps deep exfoliation of the skin surface with the use of a special device to promote new collagen formation.
- Chemical peels are applied to the skin to exfoliate the skin surface and promote new skin growth.
- Laser treatment is also an option for those who are looking for a more targeted option where the light targets melanin and breaks up the dark spots.
- Prescription skin-lightening creams could also be an option for those who don’t mind a lengthy treatment option. These creams work by bleaching the skin and reducing the dark spots over time.
Apart from these aforementioned treatment options, our clinicians will help you understand in-depth about our holistic approach to treating dark spots. Please contact us, and our experts will personally guide you through the treatments and options.