Pigmentation is a skin condition in which you will start noticing brown patches or spots appearing on your skin surface. This skin condition is often also known as hyper-pigmentation, which occurs due to an increase in melanin production or an increase in the number of pigment-producing cells in the skin.
What causes pigmentation?
Skin pigmentation can be caused by several different factors ranging from environmental factors to disorders. No matter the reason, skin pigmentation, in the case it is bothering you, there are treatment options available to take care of it, in order to make the skin more even. Some of the most common causes of pigmentation are as follows:
Sun exposure is the number one enemy of our skin and if our skin is left unprotected for long periods of time, sun exposure can do a lot of damage including pigmentation
Melasma, the most common form of pigmentation, is often triggered by sun exposure but is majorly caused by hormonal imbalance due to pregnancy, hormonal medication e.g. the contraceptive pill and medical conditions.
After a bout of acne or eczema, often it is possible that the skin will undergo pigmentation
Some birthmarks are in the form of pigmentation and could exist anywhere on the body, especially face, neck, shoulders, hands, or back.
Some skin disorders like Vitiligo, where the body’s immune system attacks the pigment cells leading to loss of pigments or severe medical conditions like Addison’s disease or hemochromatosis, could also lead to hyperpigmentation.
What are the treatments for pigmentation?
Avoiding direct sun exposure and taking care of the skin properly are the two important factors to consider both – before, and after the treatments, as they will determine the success of the treatments. We, at PHI Clinic, offer a range of treatment options when it comes to pigmentation. At the same time, we believe in a holistic approach to treatment and therefore, along with non-invasive to minimally invasive treatment options and even surgical options, we always look at the basics and work on lifestyle, dietary changes as well as prescribe topical medications to overcome this skin condition.
Some of the treatment options that we offer are as follows:
Chemical peels help rejuvenate the skin surface by exfoliating the outer skin layer, making it even and removing any skin pigmentations or blemishes
Microdermabrasion could also work for some forms of skin pigmentations
Laser resurfacing could be an option for those with severe pigmentation wherein the top layer of the skin is completely removed, and the middle layer is tightened to make the skin healthier and younger.
For an in-depth understanding about all the non-invasive, non-surgical treatment options as well as surgical options that we offer, please contact us. Our experts will personally guide you through the treatments for pigmentation.